Taiwan has inherited Chinese traditions of religion and philosophy, as well as that country’s vast literary and aesthetic canon. The island is also a proud heir of the Austronesian culture of its indigenous people. The influences of the Japanese, and to a lesser extent the Dutch and the Spanish are not hard to find either. These rich and varied legacies are what captivate about Taiwan, but even more so is how it succeeded in turning them into an identity as distinctly Taiwanese as Taroko Gorge or a sculpture by Ju Ming.