Forests that cloak 60% of the land, and a variety of climates, have nurtured a bewildering variety of plant life on the island. There are 4000 plant species, 26% endemic to Taiwan. This makes for great bird- and butterfly-watching. A walk in the hills around Taipei or Kaohsiung will give you an idea – the creatures are visibly abundant. Animals like the Formosan macaque, wild boar, pangolin, civet, and barking deer are quite easy to spot in forest reserves. Dolphin- and whale-watching tours departing from the southeastern and northern coasts let you observe marine life in its natural habitat.