Taiwan’s official language is Mandarin. Minnan or Hoklo (the southern Fujian dialect) is also widely spoken throughout the country, but especially so in the south. Many people of Hakka descent and the indigenous tribes have also preserved their own languages. Older-generation Taiwanese who were subject to Japanese education during colonial rule may also be able to speak some Japanese.

English is the most popular foreign language in Taiwan and is a regular part of the school curriculum. As a rule of thumb for transportation, it is advisable to have your destination written in Chinese so your driver can understand. Taiwan is one of the few places that still utilize traditional Chinese written characters. This makes it an ideal place to learn Chinese. Language schools are abundant and classes range from private classes to recognized university-level programs.